manages the oil industry, the producer of oil and petrochemical products. MoP is in charge of all issues pertaining to exploration, extraction, exploitation, distribution and exportation of crude oil and oil products. In addition, according to the "Imports and Exports Regulation Act", issuing import licenses for such products is also among the functions of the Ministry of Petroleum. According to BP, Iran's has 137.6 billion barrels (2.188×1010 m3) of proven oil reserves and 29.61 trillion cubic meters of proven gas reserves. Iran ranks third in the world in oil reserves and second in gas reserves
National Petrochemical Company
The development of petrochemical industry in Iran is 50 years old and dates back to 1330 AD.National Iranian oil company was established covering all activities related to the development of petrochemical industries were concentrated in the company.
The development of the petrochemical industry
The development of Iran's petrochemical industry encompasses five distinct stages.
1) Step Genesis: This step with the establishment of the National Petrochemical Company of Iran in 1342 and construction began in 1343 Shiraz fertilizer production units.
2) early expansion stage: the creation of Razi Petrochemical Complex, Abadan, Pasargad, carbon Ahvaz (Iran), Kharg, Farabi, Imam of Shiraz petrochemical development projects started. (The period between 56-1352, 51-1347, 46- 1343)
4) the renewal and reconstruction: first and second Five Year Plan projects (petrochemical Isfahan, Arak and completing Mjnm of Bandar Imam, etc.) led to the end of the second production to 12 million tons per year.
5) takeoff and consolidation: during this period (the third, fourth and fifth development) towards the establishment of a world-class petrochemical moved.
National Petrochemical Company
The National Petrochemical Company (NPC), a subsidiary to the Iranian Petroleum Ministry, is owned by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is responsible for the development and operation of the country’s petrochemical sector. Founded in 1964, NPC began its activities by operating a small fertilizer plant. Today, NPC is the second largest producer and exporter of petrochemicals in the Middle East .Over these years, it has not only expanded the range and volume of its products, but it has also taken steps in areas such as Research and Technology to achieve more self-sufficiency.
refining company is a leading company in bitumen industry which was established in 2003. Head office is located in Tehran and the factory is next to Isfahan Refinery. Jey owns one of the largest bitumen production units in the middle east which is producing various types of top quality bitumen in the world. 70% of our products are exporting globally.
Pasargad Oil Company
Pasargad Oil Company, the largest producer and exporter of bitumen in Iran and the Middle East was established in 1382. The company has a production capacity of 3.5 million tons per year, has six factories in different parts of Iran and the export terminal is the supply potential of bitumen based on international standards and a variety of packaging and other devices.
Pasargad Oil Company's research and development unit is equipped with the latest and most modern laboratory equipment that allows production of bitumen based on the technical specifications requested by the customer provides.
Tehran Oil Refining Company
According to the needs of the domestic market of oil products of the refinery started in 1344 and was completed on 1347. The initial capacity of 85,000 barrels per day refinery that by making changes in its design in 1355 increased its capacity to 125,000 barrels per day.
National Iranian Oil Company
This news now as one of the most popular and trusted websites oil fields provide updated news and reports, specialized articles and daily bulletins, video reports and video footage in the form of oil Sima important role in meet the needs of the audience to the detailed information of important developments at the national and international oil plays.
media requires written, visual, auditory and even executives of oil industry done.
National Iranian Gas Company
The use of natural gas as heating fuel only part of the varied performance of the material is great.National Iranian gas Company as one of the four main companies affiliated to the Ministry of Petroleum of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1344 with initial capital of 25 billion rials solar accordance with the 1965 Budget Law.
National Iranian Drilling Company
marked. The presence of more than 46 foreign companies before the Islamic Revolution and production engineering and oil and gas monopoly in their hands and Iranian forces and non-interference in the process of exploration, production and exploitation of reservoirs, Iran's oil industry in an aura of complete dependence swallow and very dark vision on how to access community bring this process to the extraction of natural resources.
RIPI at the beginning of the "National Iranian Oil Company Research and Development Department" was established in 1338 and its primary objective, the research on the application of petroleum products motifs. After the Islamic Revolution, the name of the organization "research and development services" have been altered to develop activities in line with the objectives Prdakht. in 1368, the center has agreements in principle the Council of the Ministry of culture and Higher education, "Ripi" was named to carry out basic research, applied and development research activities continued.
Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade
Industry, Mine and Trade of Iran holds the largest share of the economy, has extensive interaction with other sectors ?? ?? social, economic and political society, and could be one of the most effective drivers of economic. So familiar with the status quo, programs and policies in this field can provide a clear picture of the situation and the economic future audience. Industry, Mine and Trade organization livelihood not only a major role in society, but also its authority and efficiency to achieve security, justice, prosperity, freedom, independence and national dignity strengthen.
Abadan Refinery Company
respectively. For this purpose, the cornerstone of building a refinery in the solar year 1287 (1910 AD) was pinned to the ground and the Abadan refinery in 1291 (1912 AD) with 2,500 barrels per day oil refinery was inaugurated as the first.
• Abadan refinery during World War I in order to achieve the benefits of providing fuel for warships, expanded.
Bandar Abbas Oil Refining Company
Bandar Abbas Oil Refining Company refinery in the country is one of 9 that the land area of approximately 700 hectares on the northern shore of the Persian Gulf and near the city of Bandar Abbas was built in 1376 and operated Grft.ayn the most modern refinery and the refinery heavy crude oil in Iran and the Middle East.
increased to 320 thousand barrels per day.
Tabriz Oil Refining Company
Tabriz Oil Refining Company 200 hectares at an altitude of 1362 meters above sea level geographically in the south-western city of Tabriz had been constructed and because of exposure in a particular area at a distance of less than 300 km in the neighborhood of four mobile Kshvrazrbayjan to Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic Turkey, Iraq and Armenia is located.
1.) Saudi Aramco
Saudi Aramco, a fully integrated, global petroleum and chemicals enterprise, is the state-owned oil company of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. During their 80-year history they have become a world leader in hydrocarbons exploration, production, refining, distribution, shipping and marketing, and the world’s top exporter of crude oil and natural gas liquids (NGLs).
The company manages proven conventional crude oil and condensate reserves of 260.2 billion barrels. Their average daily crude production in 2012 was 9.5 million barrels per day (bpd). Saudi Aramco and its subsidiaries own or have equity interest in domestic and international refineries with a total worldwide refining capacity of almost 4.5 million bpd, of which their equity share is 2.4 million bpd, making them the world’s sixth-largest refiner.
Gazprom is a global energy company with an average daily crude production of 9.7 million barrels per day. Its major business lines are geological exploration, production, transportation, storage, processing and sales of gas, gas condensate and oil, sales of gas as a vehicle fuel as well as generation and marketing of heat and electric power. The company holds the world’s largest natural gas reserves. Gazprom accounts for 14 percent of the global and 74 percent of the Russian gas output, respectively.
3.) National Iranian Oil Co.
Since 1951, National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) has been directing and making policies for exploration, drilling, production, research and development, refining, distribution and export of oil, gas, petroleum products. NIOC, with a vast amount of oil and gas resources, is one of the world’s largest oil companies. At the present time, it is estimated that the company holds 156.53 billion barrels of liquid hydrocarbons and 33.79 trillion cubic meters of natural gas. The company has an average daily crude production of 6.4 million barrels per day.
ExxonMobil is the world’s largest publicly traded international oil and gas company. The company holds an industry-leading inventory of global oil and gas resources and has an average daily crude production of 5.3 million barrels per day. They are the world’s largest refiner and marketer of petroleum products, and their chemical company ranks among the world’s largest. They operate in most of the world's countries and are best known by the familiar brand names: Exxon, Esso, and Mobil.
PetroChina Co. Ltd., is the largest oil and gas producer and distributor, playing a dominant role in the oil and gas industry in China. It is not only one of the companies with the biggest sales revenue in China, but also one of the largest oil companies in the world. PetroChina was established as a joint stock company with limited liabilities by China National Petroleum Corp. under the Company Law and the Special Regulations on the Overseas Offering and Listing of Shares by Joint Stock Limited Companies in 1999. The company has an average daily crude production of 4.4 million barrels per day.
BP is one of the world's leading international oil and gas companies with an average daily crude production of 4.1 million barrels per day. The company provides customers with fuel for transportation, energy for heat and light, lubricants to keep engines moving, and the petrochemicals products used to make everyday items as diverse as paints, clothes and packaging. Their upstream segment is responsible for activities in oil and natural gas exploration, field development and production. Their downstream segment is the product and service-led arm of BP, focused on fuels, lubricants and petrochemicals.
7.) Royal Dutch Shell
Shell is a global group of energy and petrochemical companies with an average daily crude production of 3.9 million barrels per day. Their upstream segment is focused on exploring for new oil and gas reserves and developing major projects where their technology and know-how adds value to the resource holders. Their downstream emphasis remains on sustained cash generation from existing assets and selective investments in growth markets. The company has spent $2.2 billion on developing alternative energies, carbon capture and storage, and CO2-related R&D over the past five years.
Mexico's state oil company Pemex is engaged in the exploration, production, transportation, refining, storage and sale of hydrocarbons and derivatives. The company produces an average daily crude production of 3.6 million barrels per day. Its products include petrochemicals, natural gas, liquid gas, sulphur, gasoline, kerosene, and diesel. Pemex operates 344 production fields; 6,382 production wells; 225 off-shore platforms; six refineries; eight petrochemical complexes; 7,896km of gas pipelines; 4,548km of oil pipelines; and 19 LPG distribution terminals.
Chevron has an average daily crude production of 3.5 million barrels per day. Chevron had a global refining capacity of 1.95 million barrels of oil per day at the end of 2012. The company explores for, produces and transports crude oil and natural gas; refines, markets and distributes transportation fuels and lubricants; manufactures and sells petrochemical products; generates power and produces geothermal energy; provides renewable energy and develops research for advanced biofuels.
10.) Kuwait Petroleum Corp.
Kuwait Petroleum Corp. is the state-owned entity responsible for Kuwait's hydrocarbon interests throughout the world. The company has an average daily crude production of 3.2 million barrels per day. As part of the global energy industry, they supply the world with oil and gas needs by exploring for, producing, refining, transporting and marketing these precious natural resources both in their home country and internationally. They have plans to launch strategic projects such as the Nghi Son Vietnam Refinery and Petrochemical Complex, the Clean Fuel Project and the New Refinery Project,as part of their upstream activities.