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Diesel fuel is more efficient than gasoline because it contains 10%
more energy per gallon than gasoline. But there are a few kinds of diesel fuel:
Just as gasoline is rated by its octane, diesel fuel is rated by its cetane,
which indicates how easy it is to ignite and how fast it burns. Standard diesel
fuel (sometimes called diesel oil) comes in two grades: Diesel #1 (or 1-D) and
Diesel #2 (or 2-D). The higher the cetane number, the more volatile the fuel.
Most diesel vehicles use fuel with a rating of 40 to 55. You won’t have to worry
about which type to use because all diesel automakers specify Diesel #2 for
normal driving conditions. Truckers use Diesel #2 to carry heavy loads for long
distances at sustained speeds because it’s less volatile than Diesel #1 and
provides greater fuel economy.
In the commercial and agricultural sector gas oil is used for equipment such as
cranes, bulldozers, generators, bobcats, tractors and combine harvesters.
GGas oil is utilized primarily in the fuel markets. In the United States, gas
oil is most often consumed in refining processes to produce gasoline blending
components. In Western Europe and Asia, only a (relatively) small amount of gas
oil is upgraded. Moreover, increased production of gasoline from Fischer-Tropsch-based
gas-to-liquids projects could over time replace some gas oil fuel demand in
Western Europe and Japanas In the commercial and agricultural sector gas oil is
used for equipment such as cranes, bulldozers, generators, bobcats, Slack wax is
used in emulsions, construction board, matches, candles, rust protective
products and moisture vapor barriers , polishes, inks, carbon paper and
externally can be applied as good dust suppressants or controlled-release agents
for various chemical and fertilizers.
White spirit (UK) or mineral spirits (US), also known as mineral turpentine,
turpentine substitute, petroleum spirits, solvent naphtha (petroleum), varsol,
Stoddard solvent, or, generically, “paint thinner”, is a petroleum-derived
clear, transparent liquid used as a common organic solvent in painting and
A mixture of aliphatic and alicyclic C7 to C12 hydrocarbons, white spirit is
used as an extraction solvent, as a cleaning solvent, as a degreasing solvent
and as a solvent in aerosols, paints, wood preservatives, lacquers, varnishes,
and asphalt products. In western Europe about 60% of the total white spirit
consumption is used in paints, lacquers and varnishes. White spirit is the most
widely used solvent in the paint industry. In households, white spirit is
commonly used to clean paint brushes after use.
Because condensate is typically liquid in ambient conditions and also has very
low viscosity, condensate is often used to dilute highly viscous heavier oils
that cannot otherwise be efficiently transported via pipelines. In particular,
condensate is frequently mixed with bitumen from oil sands to create dilbit. The
increased use of condensate as diluent has significantly increased its price in